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          1. 初二英语第三次月考备考试卷_初二下册历史第三次月考试卷带答案

            范文素材 编辑: www.thatmusicguy.com

            1、初二英语第三次月考备考试卷

            这篇初二英语第三次月考备考试卷的文章,是特地为大家整理的,希望对大家有所帮助!

            一. 单项选择(15分) ( )1. must he clean the room now ? ---no, he______. a. don’t have to b. needn’t c. doesn’t ( ) 2. we must keep ourselves _____ so that we can enjoy a better life. a. healthy enough b. enough healthy c. health enough ( ) 3. there are ____computers but they are ____expensive in this shop. a. too much , much too b. too many , much too c. too many , many to ( ) 4. --- doctor, what’s wrong with my son? is it serious ? ---- no, ______. he only has a cold. a. something serious b. serious nothing c. nothing serious ( ) 5. may i do morning exercises with you ? ---of course, ______. a. don’t worry b. go ahead c. help yourself ( ) 6. you’d better _____up late at night. a. not stay b. not to stay c, don’t stay ( ) 7. don’t give up _____ english. it’s very imporant to us. a. to learn b. learn c. learning ( ) 8. excuse me, can you _____ your bike ____me? a. lend to b. borrow from c. lend from ( ) 9. lin jie speaks _____ english _____. a. every day , everyday b. every day , every day c. everyday , every day ( ) 10. look! ______ beautiful bike! a. how b. what a c. what an ( ) 11. the boy _____ be kangkang, he went to the usa last week. a. can’t b. mustn’t c. shouldn’t ( ) 12. how high is the present? ---- it’s ______. a. 2 meters high b. 2 –meter high c. 2 –meters high ( ) 13. how much did you _____ for it? --- 198 yuan. a. paid b. spent c. pay ( ) 14. ---did you _____ teach yourself english? ---no, i didn’t. a. used to b. use to c. used ( ) 15. lu xun is famous _____ a great writer. a. as b. to c. for 二. 完型填空 (10分) food is very important . everyone needs to eat well if he or she wants to have a __16__body. our minds also need a kind of food. this kind of food is __17__. when we are very young, we begin to get knowledge. young children like watching and listening. they are often interested __18__coloring pictures. when children are older, they enjoy __19__. when __20__are interested in something, they love__21__ questions. our minds, like our bodies, always need the__22__ food. if you learn __23__ yourself, you will get the most knowledge. if someone is __24__telling us answers, we never learn well. when we study in the right way, we will learn more, and understand__25__. don’t you think so? ( ) 16. a. good b. nice c. strong ( ) 17. a. books b. knowledge c. vegetables ( ) 18. a. in b. to c. at ( ) 19. a. read b. reading c. to read ( ) 20. a. them b. they c. their ( ) 21. a. asked b. asking c. answering ( ) 22. a. better b. best c. most ( ) 23. a. for b. with c. by ( ) 24. a. always b. often c. sometimes ( ) 25. a. less b. better c. much 三. 阅读理解 a a young man could not sleep well, and suffered(痛苦) a lot. he went to the hospital and the doctor told him to count from one to ten again and again. “keep doing it until you fall asleep(睡着).” , the doctor said. a few days later, the young man went to the doctor’s again. but to his surprise, the young was worse(糟糕) than before. “ didn’t you do what i told you?” the doctor asked. “yes, i did.” the young man said, but every time when i count to eight , i jumped from the bed. “but, why?” the doctor asked. “ i am the boxer(拳击手)” the young man answered. 根据短文内容判断正误,正确的写a, 错误的写b, 每小题1 分。 ( ) 26. the young sleep well every night. ( ) 27. the doctor told the young man to count numbers when he wanted to sleep. ( ) 28. the young man was better when he went to the doctor again. ( ) 29. the young man could count only from one to eight. ( ) 30. the young man didn’t do what the doctor told him. b if someone asked me “ do you like music?” i am sure i will answer him or her “ of course, i do.” because i think music is an important part of our lives. different people have different ideas of music. for me, i like rock music, because it’s so exciting. and my favorite rock band is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. i also like pop music. my classmate julia loves dance music because she enjoys dancing. my best friend, jenny, likes jazz music. she thinks jazz is really cool. “ i like dance music and rock music very much.” says my brother, because they are wonderful. but my mother thinks rock music is boring. “ i like some relaxing music,” she says, that’s why she likes country music, i think. 根据短文内容选择正确的答案,每小题2分 ( ) 31. the writer(作者)music because he thinks it’s a /an _____ part of our lives. a. relaxing b. important c. interesting ( ) 32. what kind of music does the writer like? a. rock and pop music b. jazz and dance music c. jazz and country music ( ) 33. who likes dancing? a. the writer b, the writer’s mother c. julia ( ) 34. the writer’s mother thinks country music is _____. a. exciting b. boring c. relaxing ( ) 35. how many people’s ideas of music are talked about in this passage? a. 4 b.5 c. 6 2 a. monday morning b. saturday morning c. sunday morning ( ) 37. mr. smith will go to people’s hall with his ten –year-old son. they will spend _____ yuan on the tickets. a. 50 b.100 c. 150 ( ) 38. you can enjoy _____ at jack stein’s. a. american jazz b. scottish dancing c. pop music ( ) 39. if you want to learn to dance, you can call_______. a. 46218797 b. 45687663 c. 46218787 ( ) 40. peter wants to listen to new songs of super junior. he should go to _______. a. people’s hall b. baolong square c. jack stein’s d yesterday ,the swedish(瑞典)rock band visited china last week. there were a concert in hefei. this was their second visit to china. they came to kunming at this time last year. there were four singers in the swedish rock band last year , but now there were only three . one of them left the band last week. he broke his left leg. after the concert, i met eric, one of the singers, i asked him, “ why do you call your band yesterday, ?” “ we call this name because we like old music.” eric answered. i asked, “ why do you sing in english?” “ because most swedish people can speak english. people in many countries can understand english songs.” eric told me. “ why did you sing a chinese song at the end of the concert?” he said, “ i’m trying to learn chinese and i like listening to chinese songs. i learnt that song when i was in kunming last year.” 根据短文内容填空, 每空1分 41. “yesterday” , is a name of a _____. they _____ a concert in hefei last week. 42. there were _____ members in the band last year, but now there are only _____. 43. they like ______ music so they _____ their band yesterday 44. the band often sing in ______, because it’s ______ for people to understand. 45. they sang a ______ song at the concert. they ______ it in kunming last year. 四, 口语运用 (每小题2分, 满分10分) a: hello, ______46______? b: just a moment, please. i will go to see if jane is in. ( a few minutes later) c: hello! jane here. a: hi, jane ______47______ c: oh, hi tom! what’s up? a: it’s sunday tomorrow, _______48_______? c: fishing ? good idea! _______49_______? a: what about 8:00 o’clock at the school gate? c: 8:00 o’clock ? i think it’s too early._________50_________. a: ok, at 9:00 at our school gate! c: see you tomorrow ! a: see you ! 五. 遣词造句(每小题2分, 满分10分) 51. be fond of , collect ______________________________________ 52. be bad for _____________________________________________ 53. used to _______________________________________________ 54. pay, ¥100, last week __________________________________ 55. mind , not ____________________________________________ ’t want them __57__ too much junk food. although (尽管) they know it’s not a good __58__ , they still eat it. some of them eat this __59__ of food every day. some only __60__ or twice a week . paul is a little unhealthy. h __61__ exercises. he eats lots of junk food __62__ he loves it . when he __63__ money, he’ll buy junk food. his parents __64__ about him. but he says, “ maybe i’m not very __65__ , but i enjoy myself.” 六. 书面表达 (10分) 热爱生活的人都希望自己拥有健康的身体, 只有拥有健康的身体才能享受生活,请以“健康”为题写一篇短文。 内容要求: 1. 健康的意义 2. 你对如何保持健康的看法。 词数80个左右, 开头已给出,但不计入总词数。 health everyone who loves life hopes to be healthy. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 一, 单项选择 (每小题1分,满分15分) 1. _______ 2. _______ 3._______ 4._______ 5._______ 6. _______ 7. _______ 8. _______ 9. _______ 10. _______ 11. _______ 12. _______ 13. _______ 14. _______ 15._______ 二.完型填空 ( 每小题1分, 满分10分) 16. _______ 17. _______ 18. _______ 19. _______ 20. _______ 21. _______ 22. _______ 23. _______ 24. _______ 25. _______ 三,阅读理解( 满分35分) a:26. _______ 27. _______ 28. _______ 29. _______ 30. _______ b: 31. _______ 32. _______ 33. _______ 34. _______ 35. _______ c: 36. _______ 37. _______ 38. _______ 39. _______ 40. _______ d: 41. _______ _______ 42. _______ _______ 43 _______ _______ 44. _______ _______ 45. _______ _______ 四.口语运用(满分10分) 46. ___________________________________________________________ 47. ___________________________________________________________ 48. ___________________________________________________________ 49. ___________________________________________________________ 50. ___________________________________________________________ 五. 遣词造句(满分10 分) 51. ____________________________________________________________ 52. ____________________________________________________________ 53. ____________________________________________________________ 54. ____________________________________________________________ 55. ____________________________________________________________ 六. 综合填空(满分10分) 56. _______ 57. _______ 58. _______ 59. _______ 60. _______ 61. _______ 62. _______ 63. _______ 64. _______ 65. _______ 七. 书面表达(10分) health everyone who loves life hopes to be healthy. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            2、初二下册历史第三次月考试卷带答案

            一、选择题(每小题2分,共60分)1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1.第一届中国人民政治协商会议制定的,并起到临时宪法作用的文件是 ( )a.《抗日救国十大纲领》 b.《双十协定》c.《共同纲领》 d.《中华人民共和国宪法》2.1951年,我国民族关系的一件大事是 ( )a.x藏和平解放 b.抗美援朝开始c.和平共处五项原则的提出 d土地改革的完成3.抗美援朝时中国人民志愿军的司令员是 ( )a.周恩来 b.彭德怀 c.毛岸英 d.邓小平4.第一个五年计划的时间是 ( )a.1949--1953年 b.1952--1957年 c.1953-1957年 d.1953-1958年5.你知道“三大改造”指的是我国对哪些行业进行 的社会主义改造吗? ( )①农业 ②手工业 ③资本主义工商业 ④交通运输业 ⑤纺织业a.①②③ b. ①②④ c. ①③⑤ d. ②③⑤6.“肥猪赛大象,就是鼻子短,全社杀一口,足够吃半年?!薄耙桓雎懿非Ы镏?,两头毛驴拉不动”。这些材料主要反映了我国20世纪50年代后期盛行的一种什么风气? (

            ) a.共疯 b.浮夸风 c .瞎指挥 d.高指标7.“*”全面发动的主要原因是 ( )a.落后的文化严重阻碍了中国经济的发展 b.毛泽东对阶级斗争的形势估计过于严重c.党内存在走资本主义道路的当权派 d.人民群众和 广大学生的积极参与支持8.首先发表《实践是检验真理的标准》这篇文章的是( )a.《人民日报》 b.《光明日报》 c.《红旗》杂志 d.《文汇报》9.以邓小平为核心的党的第二代领导集体的形成是在 ( )a.党的八大 b.党的十一届三中全会 c.党的十二大 d.党的十三大10.国有企业改革的目标是 ( )a.政企分开 b.企业横向联合与兼并 c.实行厂长负责制 d.建立现代企业制度11.1980年,我国首批开放的四个经济特区是指 ( )①深圳 ②汕头 ③厦门 ④珠海 ⑤海南岛 ⑥广州 ⑦福州a.①②③④ b.①③④⑤ c.①②④⑤ d.①②⑥⑦12.成克杰原是九届全国人大常委会副委员长,他在担任广西壮族自治区人民政府期间,利用职务上的便利,单独或伙同情妇收受巨额贿赂4100多万元,实得贿赂款近3000万元。北京市第一中级人 民法院依法以受贿罪判处成克杰死刑,剥夺政治权利终身,没收个人全部财产。2000年9月14日,成克杰被执行死刑。北京市第一中级人民法院判处成克杰死刑依据的是 ( )a.《中华人民共和国刑法》 b.《中华人民共和国民法通则》c.《中华人民共和国劳动法》 d.《中华人民共和国义务教育法》13.党的十三大明确了“一个中心,两个基本点”的基本路线,“一个中心”是指( )a.经济建设 b.四项基本原则 c.改革 d.开放14.“三个有利于”标准是指 ( )①是否有利于发展社会主义社会的生产力 ②是否有利于增强社会主义国家的综合国力③是否有利于提高人民的生活水平④是否有利于人民的根本利益a. ①②③ b. ①②④ c. ①③④ d. ②③④15.邓小平理论被确立为党的指导思想是在 ( )a.1982年中共十二大上 b.1987年中共十三大上c.1992年中共十四大上 d.1997年中共十五大上16.粉碎*反革命集团的时 间 是:( )a.1971年 b.1976年 c.1978年 d.1970年17.邓小平指出:建国以来,我国的社会主义建设取得了巨大成就,但也犯过“左”的错误。其中,时间最长,影响最严重的“左”的错误是:( )a大跃进 b 人民公社化运动 b农业合作化运动 d*18.在*中被迫害致死的国家主席是:( )a.彭德怀 b.刘少奇 c.贺龙 d.徐海东19.中国实行改革开放政策是在:( )a.新中国成立后 b.“*”结束后 c.社会主义改革基本完成后 d.党的十一届三中全会召开后20.“大包干、大包干,直来直去不拐弯。保证国家的,留足集体的,剩下都是自己的”。这是广大农民在赞扬:( )a.家庭联产承包责任制 b.股份制改革 c.私有化改革 d.包工包料包销21.下列哪项不属于四项基本原则:( )a.坚持改革开放 b.坚持共产党的领导 c.坚持社会主义道路 d.坚持马列主义毛泽东思想22.下列哪一项不是第一届中国人民政治协商会议讨论通过的:( )a.国旗 b.国徽 c.代国歌 d.首都23.十一届三中全会后,我国改革开放的根本目的是:( )a.发展社会主义经济 b.利用外资和技术 c.活跃我国的对外贸易 d.扩大中国的影响24.社会主义制度在我国基本建立的标志是( )a.新中国的成立 b.《中华人民共和国宪法》的制定c.“一五”计划的实施 d.“三大改造”的基本完成25.建国初期,毛泽东曾说“现在我们能造什么?能造桌子椅子,能造茶碗茶壶……但是,一辆汽车、一架飞机、一辆坦克、一辆拖拉机都不能造?!蔽伺ぷ庖痪置?,我国在“一五”计划中决定( )a. 集中主要力量发展重工业 b.加速实现手工业的合作化 c. 逐步改造资本主义工商业 d.大力发展轻工业26.我国国有企业改革的基本方向是:( )a.建立现代企业制度 b.建立劳动保障制度 c.建立社会保障制度 d.消灭失业27.毛泽东老人家描写第一个五年计划伟大成就的诗句是:( )a.“金沙水拍云涯暖,大渡桥横铁索寒” b.“更立西江石壁,截断巫山云雨。高峡出平湖” c.“一桥飞架南北,天堑变通途” d.“天生一个仙人洞,无限风光在险峰”28.制定我国第一部社会主义类型宪法《中华人民共和国宪法》的会议是:( )a.第一届中国人民政治协商会议 b.第一届全国人民代表大会 c.中共八大 d.十一届三中全会29.新中国实施土地改革的根本原因是:( )a.封建土地制度严重阻碍了农村经济和中国社会的发展 b.广大农民迫切要求获得土地 c.地主、富农剥削和压迫农民 d.结束半殖民地半封建社会30.班级准备办一期“中国人民志愿军英雄谱”板报,下列可以入选的人物有( )①董存瑞 ②邱少云 ③雷锋 ④黄继光 a.①③ b.②④ c.①②④ d.①②③④二、非选择题(40分)31、连线题(共20分)把下列相关的时间与事件用线连起来。a.1949.10.1. a.中国人民志愿军赴朝作战b.1950.10. b.中华人民共和国成立c.1949.9 c.土地改革基本完成d.1953.7 d.美国被迫在停战协定上签字e.1953年春 e.第一节中国人民政治协商会议召开选择搭配,将相关内容用线连起来。a.邓稼先 ①石油工人“铁人”b.时传祥 ②“钉子”精神 c.王进喜 ③党的好干部d.雷锋 ④人民的勤务员e.焦裕禄 ⑤两弹元勋32、阅读下列材料(共8分):实践证明:“*”不是也不可能是任何意义上的革命或社会进步?!芬丫っ?,“*”是一场有错误发动,被反革命集团利用,给党、国家和各族人民带来严重灾难的内乱。 ——《关于建国以来党的若干历史问题的决议》 请回答:(1)十年“*”从哪一年开始到哪一年结束(2分)? (2)根据材料指出“*”的性质是什么?(3分) (3)我们应从“*”的历史中吸取什么教训?(3分) 33. 阅读材料,回答问题。(12分)《春天的故事》的部分歌词:“1979年,那是一个春天,有一位老人在中国的南海边画了一个圈,神话般地崛起座座城,奇迹般地聚起座座金山。1992年,又是一个春天,有一位老人在中国的南海边写下诗篇,天地间荡起滚滚春潮,征途上扬起浩浩风帆” 阅读材料请回答:(1)材料一为什么说1979年“是一个春天”,这里的“春天”指什么?(2分)

            (2)“在中国的南海边画了一个圈”指什么?(2分)这个“圈”后来发展为什么样的格局?(2分) (3)“有一位老人”这位“老人”指的是谁?请你用一句话评价这位老人。(4分) (4)歌词中的“老人”1992年“在中国的南海边写下诗篇”是指什么?(2分)参考答案一、选择题(每小题2分,共30分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15c a b c a b b b b d a a a a dd b d a a c b a d a a c b a b四、连线题(共10分)26.把下列相关的时间与事件用线连起来。a.1949.10.1. - b b.1950.10. - a c.1949.9 - e d. 1953.7 - d e.1953年春 - c 27.选择搭配,将相关内容用线连起来。a.邓稼先 ⑤b.时传祥④ c.王进喜 ① d.雷锋 ② e.焦裕禄 ③ 五、材料题(共20分)29.阅读下列材料(共10分):①1966-1976② “*”是一场有错误发动,被反革命集团利用,给党、国家和各族人民带来严重灾难的内乱。③加强社会主义民主与法制建设,依法治国。以经济建设为中心,大力发展生 产力。(1)因为1978年底召开了十一届三中全会,实行了改革开放政策,所以说“是一个春天”, “圈”指的是:建立经济特区格局:形成经济特区一沿??懦鞘幸谎睾>每徘荒诘卣庋轿欢嗖愦蔚亩酝饪鸥窬郑?)邓小平。(2分) 他是我国实行改革开放和社会主义现代化建设的总设计师(2分)(3)1992年邓小平在视察南方时的讲话。(2分)

            3、高二上学期第三次月考英语试卷

            【导语】高二一年,强人将浮出水面,鸟人将沉入海底。高二重点解决三个问题:一,吃透课本;二,找寻适合自己的学习方法;三,总结自己考试技巧,形成习惯。为了帮助你的学习更上一层楼,高二频道为你准备了《高二上学期第三次月考英语试卷》希望可以帮到你!

            *部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分65分)

            *节:单项填空(共35小题,每题1分,满分35分)

            1.itis___reminderthatweneedtocareabout_____worldwelivein,_____onewithnecessityforlifeandlife.

            a.a;a;/b.a;the;thec./;the;/d.a;the;/

            2.themanwith____shouldersstaredatmewith____eyes.

            a.broad,greatb.wide,largec.wide,broadd.broad,wide

            3.youmaynotagree,but____ithinksheisaverygoodgirl

            a.personallyb.trulyc.generallyd.commonly

            4.theystayedupverylatelastnight.nowtheyarestillasleep.don’t____them.

            a.breakb.disturbc.knockd.interrupt

            5.theswimmingpoolisused_____allthechildrenintheneighborhood.

            a.incommonb.incommonbyc.incommonwithd.incommonof

            6.theprogresshehasmadeinmathsismuchgreaterthan_____inenglish.

            a.theoneb.thatc.hehasd.it

            7.wehavebeentoldthatundernocircumstances_____thetelephoneintheofficeforpersonalaffairs.

            a.mayweuseb.wecouldusec.wemayused.didweuse

            8.thepolicemansignedforthedriverto_____andthencheckedhisdrivinglicense.

            a.setasideb.breakdownc.stopoverd.pullover

            9.themostexcitingthingforhimwas______hefinallyfoundtwotinnedfruitsin______seemedtohimtobeaservant'sbedroom.

            a.that;whatb.what;whichc.that;thatd.what;where

            10.thelittleboyisn’tgettingonwellinmathsandworsestill,heisevenunwillingtogotoschool.withherson_____,shefeelsvery______.

            a.disappointing;worryingb.disappointing;worried

            c.disappointed;worriedd.disappointed;worrying

            11.wheniturnedtotheperson_____nexttome,irecognizedthathewasmyschoolmate.

            a.seatingb.seatedc.sitd.sat

            12.theshaolintemple_____1400yearsagohasbecomeatouristattraction.

            a.datesbacktob.datingbackc.datesfromd.datingfrom

            13.hewasgladtolearn____wasamongthenamesadmittedtotheuniversity.

            a.itb.thatc.hed.his

            14.---wheredidthemurderhappen?

            ---itwasinthehouse_____mygrandmotherusedtolive.

            a.thatb.wherec.whichd.inwhich

            15.iwas_______inthemiddleofthecall,forihadnocoinstoputintothebox.

            a.hungupb.calledoffc.cutoffd.comeoff

            16.hesatthere,silentanddepressed,withhiseyes____ontheceiling.

            a.fixingb.beingfixedc.fixedd.tobefixed

            17---musttheyhandintheircompositionstomorrow?

            ---no,they______handtheminthisafternoon.

            a.aregoingtob.aretoc.needn’td.can’t

            18.thatdaywasamostexcitingmomentforthefootballfans,____forthefirsttime,theirfootballteamwontheworldcup.

            a.whenb.whichc.whiled.ontheday

            19.–what’sthematterwithyourfinger?

            –i______inthedoorjustnow.

            a.gotittocatchb.gotitcaughtc.gotitcatchingd.gottocatchit

            20.it’sreportedthataplanewithfivepeople______crashedintothemountainseveraldaysago.

            a.onboardb.ontheboardc.inboardd.intheboard

            21.itwas10o’clock____thebigfirebrokeout,______5peoplelosttheirlives.

            a.that,whichb.when,whichc.that,whered.when,where

            22.theprofessortriedhisbesttomakehislectureeasy________.

            a.understoodb.tounderstandc.understandingd.tobeunderstood

            23.althoughthereweremanypeopleinthesquare,icould____myoldfriend.

            a.pickupb.makeupc.pickoutd.leaveout

            24.---doesbilldohisnewjobwell?

            ---______hisoldjob.i’mafraidthere’snohopeforhim.

            a.notbetterthanb.notdowellasc.nobetterthand.notaswellas

            25.---doyoureallywanttogoout?

            ---itmayrain.____ishallgoout.idon’tmindtherain.

            a.anywayb.otherwisec.nowthatd.orelse

            26.---marylookssad.didyoutellheraboutthebadnews?

            ---yes,buti______herlater.

            a.shouldhavetoldb.shouldn’thavetold

            c.musthavetoldd.needn’thavetold

            27.---whatlies______themountains?

            ---abeautifulfreshlake.

            a.overb.acrossc.beyondd.through

            28.--hasmr.robee______?

            --itwilltakeaperiodoftwoweeksafterhisoperation.

            a.recoveredb.uncoveredc.discoveredd.restored

            29.allthepartsoftheproductsrequiretestingagainbeforetheyare_______.

            a.forsaleb.onsalec.soldoutd.tosale

            30.onceyouareinanewculture,youneedto_____yourselfforatime,beforeyou______it

            a.fit;getusedtob.suit;usedtoc.adjust;getusedtod.correct;usedto

            31.--it’simpossiblethatjoneswillpassthedrivingtest.

            --butshewishshe______.

            a.doesb.wouldc.shouldd.will

            32.----canilookatthemenuforamoreminutesbeforeidecide?

            ---ofcourse.________sir.

            a.makeyourselfathomeb.enjoyyourself

            c.itdoesn’tmatter.d.takeyourtime

            33.he_______upearlysincehischildhood.

            a.usedtogetb.isusedtoget

            c.hasbeenusedtogetd.hasbeenusedtogetting

            34.seeingthehappy________ofchildrenplayinginthepark,i’mfullofjoyandconfidenceinthefutureofourcountry.

            a.sightb.scenec.viewd.sign

            35.---whichofthetwoshirtswouldyouliketotake?

            --__________.there’snotmuchdifferencebetweenthem.

            a.anyoneb.eitherc.bothd.none

            第二节:完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

            阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从所给的a、b、c、d四个选项中,选出一个*佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

            itwasautumn.athinwhitemoonroseoverthevalley.peter,11yearsold,didnotseeit.hedidnotfeelthecoolwind36hisface,forhisthoughts_37__onaredandblack38onthetable,whichwasa39fromhisfathertohisgrandfather.theysaidthatgrandpawas40.

            peterhad41believedfatherwouldsendgrandpaaway.now,therewasthethingfatherhadbought42verymorning.thiswasthelasteveningheandgrandpawouldhavewitheachother.afterwashingthe43dishes,theoldmantookuptheblanket.“whata44doubleblanket!i’llnotfeelcoldwithit,”saidtheoldman,45itoverhisknees.

            “oh,yes!”petersaidandtriedto46backthetearsinhiseyes.

            justthen47cametwopeople,fatherandthegirlhewasto48.thegirlwentuptograndpaandsaidprettily,“i’llnotbe49youinthemorning,soicameovertosaygood-bye.”

            “it’sniceofyou,”saidgrandpa.“willyoulookatthis?isn’titafineblanketmysonhasgivenmetogoawaywith?”

            “yes,really,”shesaid,shefeltitandsaid50,“adoubleone!itmusthavecostmuch..hedoesn’tneedadoubleone.”

            “sheis51,father,”theboysaid,“here,father.”heheldouta52ofscissors(剪刀).“cuttheblanketinto53.asingleoneisenoughforanoldman.we’ll54theotherhalf.

            “whatdoyou55bythat?”askedfather.

            “i’llgiveittoyouwhenyouareoldandi’msendingyouaway.”saidtheboyslowly.

            36.a.beatingb.blowingc.hittingd.brushing

            37.a.cameb.wentc.werefixedd.weretaken

            38.a.blanketb.cupc.dishd.jar

            39.a.debtb.giftc.letterd.will

            40.a.dyingb.gladc.goingawayd.married

            41.a.infactb.notreallyc.notsimplyd.obviously

            42.a.inb.itc.ond.that

            43.a.breakfastb.cleanc.lunchd.supper

            44.a.badb.dirtyc.fined.old

            45.a.smoothingb.holdingc.cleaningd.putting

            46.a.comeb.getc.keepd.take

            47.a.inb.outc.outofd.outside

            48.a.loveb.helpc.knowd.marry

            49.a.seeingb.missingc.forgettingd.thinking

            50.a.anxiouslyb.coldlyc.quietlyd.warmly

            51.a.cleverb.lyingc.rightd.wrong

            52.a.bitb.kindc.paird.piece

            53.a.oneb.piecesc.halfd.two

            54.a.spareb.keepc.selld.use

            55.a.meanb.sayc.showd.think

            第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

            阅读下列短文,从每题所给的a、b、c、d四个选项中,选出*佳选项。

            a

            physiciststephenhawkingmovedtohearthospital

            world-renownedbritishphysiciststephenhawking,authorofsciencebest-sellerabriefhistoryoftime,hasbeentransferredtoaspecialistheartandlunghospitalduetotheeffectsofpneumonia(肺炎),thehospitalsaidontuesday.

            mrhawking,62,whoiswheelchair-boundduetothemotorneurone(运动神经元?。ヾiseasehehassufferedformorethan40years,wasmovedtopapworthhospitalincambridge,easternengland,fromageneralhospitalalsoinhishome.

            "he'sstableandwasbroughtinyesterday[monday]morning,"saidaspokeswomanforpapworth,acentreofexcellenceincardiactreatment.

            cambridgeuniversity,wheremrhawkingisamathematicsprofessor,wasunabletosaywhyhehadbeenmovedbutsaidhehadinitially(*初)gonetohospital"inrelationtothepneumoniahewasbeingtreatedforindecemberandjanuary".

            britishpolicearecurrentlyinvestigatingclaimsmadebynurseslookingaftermrhawkingwhosaythathehadbeenphysicallyabused(*)byhiswife,elaine.

            lastmonththephysicistissuedastatementsayinghe"firmlyandwholeheartedly"rejectedtherumors,describingmediareportsofsupposedassaults(攻击)byhiswifeas"completelyfalse".briefhistory,whichsoldmorethan10millioncopies,mademrhawkingamillionaireandoneofthemostfamousscientistsontheplanet.

            whenmrhawkingwasdiagnosedwithmotorneuronediseasewhilestillauniversityundergraduate,hislifeexpectancywasputataroundtwoyears,andheisoneofthelongest-survivingsufferersofthecondition.

            despitehisillnessandhisneedtospeakthroughanelectronicvoicebox,mrhawkinghascontinuedtotourtheworld,givingsciencelectures.

            56.fromthepassagewecansee___________.

            a.hawkinghasmovedtoanewhospitaltotreathispneumonia

            b.hawkinghasmovedtoanewhospitaltotreathislong-suffereddisease

            c.hawkinghasmovedtoanewhospitaltoavoidassaults.

            d.hawkinghasmovedtoanewhospitaltogivelectures.

            57.itseemsthat_________________.

            a.hawkinghasnotgoodrelationwithhiswife.

            b.hawkingwillrecoverhisspeech.

            c.hawkingisateacher.

            d.thefirsthospitalwillnotbeabletocurehawking’sdisease.

            58.thewriterwritesthispassagemainlyto___________.

            a.telloftheseriousnessofhawking’sdisease.

            b.tellofthefamilylifeofhawking.

            c.tellofthepresentconditionofhawking.

            d.hawking’swealthcomesfromthebook“abriefhistoryoftime”.

            59._____hasmadehawkingamillionaire.

            a.thebook“abriefhistoryoftime”b.hislectures

            c.histeachingpositiond.hiswife

            b

            thefourtreasures

            inthe5thor6thcenturyjapanadoptedthechinesewritingsystem.itisofnosurprisethenthatthejapanese,beingtheindustriouspeoplethattheyare,adoptedthemethodsandideologyofthechinesewritingsystemaswell.asproofofthejapanesesinglemindednesstheyhavestucktothisrigidstyleofwritingforthepast1500years.

            thechinesebeliefthatthatgovernmenthasitsfoundationinwritingdedicatedgreatimportancetothefourtreasuresofwriting:brush,ink,inkstone,andpaper.uponcopyingthechinesebureaucratic(官僚政治的)systemofgovernmentthejapanesealsoadoptedthechineseideaofthefourtreasures.onecantracethisbacktojapan'searliestrecordsfromthe8thcenturywherethebrush,ink,inkstoneandpaperappearasobjectsofadoration.

            60.itwasin________thatjapanbegantofollowchinainwriting.

            a.1500a.d.b.500-600a.d.c.before5tha.dd.5thor6thb.c.

            61.thefourtreasuresforchinais_______________.

            a.brush,ink,inkstoneandpaper

            b.beliefs,socialsystems,writingsystemsandideology

            c.brush,writingsystems,inkstoneandpaper

            c.brush,ideology,inkandpaper.

            62.thejapaneseadoptedchinesewritingsystembecause_______.

            a.theyareindustriouspeople.

            b.theyhavesinglemindedness.

            c.theyadmiredchinesewritingsystem

            d.theylivedclosetochina.

            63.thejapaneseadoptedthoseofchinain_____ways.

            a.fourb.threec.twod.five

            c

            gettingintothecity

            fromjohnf.kennedyinternationalairport

            queens:(718)244-4444

            distancetomidtown:15miles

            timetomidtown:50-60minutes

            hoursofoperation:24

            traveler’said:(718)656-4870

            mta-

            newyorkcitytransitauthority

            130livingstonst.,brooklyn11201;(718)330-1234,www.mta.info.busesfromtheairportconnectwithsubwaystopsinqueensandbrooklyn:afreeshuttlegoesfromjfkterminalstothealine;theq3busgoestothefline;andtheb15goestothe3line.also,theq10,operatedbygreenbuslines(718995-4700),connectstothee,f,j,andzlines.bus/subwayfareis$1.5,paidinexactchange,withatoken,orwithametrocard.

            readercard#67.adonp.43.

            newyorkairportservice

            (718)875—8200,www.nyairportservice.com.operatesbusshuttleevery20—30minutestonyc’spennstation,portauthority,andgrandcentralterminal($13)andtomanhattanhotelsbetween33rdand57thsts.($15).readercard#230.adonp.25.

            supershuttle

            52—1511thst.,longislandcity,queens11101;(212)209—7000,(800)258—3826,www.supershuttle.com.door—to—doortransportation,24hours,365days.lookforthebluevan.readercard#123.adonp.39.

            64.ifyouwanttoknowmoreaboutthemetrocard,youcan.

            a.visitwww.nyairportservice.com.

            b.telephone(212)209—7000or(800)258—3826

            c.readtheadonpage43ofthebook

            d.visitwww.supershuttle.com

            65.whatdoyouknowaboutnewyorkcitysubwaylinesfromthereading?

            a.theysupplydoortodoortransportation.

            b.theyaredirectlyconnectedwiththeairport.

            c.theyrun24hours,365days,markedwithcolors.

            d.theyaremarkedwitheithernumbersorletters.

            66.supposeyouwanttogettoamanhattanhotelin23rdstreetfromtheairport,you’dbetter.

            a.takeabusshuttleb.takeabusbygreenbusline

            c.takesupershuttled.takeasubway

            d

            itisnotalwayseasytounderstandinventionsandnewdevelopmentsinscience.tounderstandfiberoptics(光纤),however,youcantryanexperiment.

            putadroportwoofmilkintotheglassofwater.turnoffthelights.shinethelightfromyourflashlight(手电筒)throughthetopoftheglassatanangle(角度)ofabout45degrees.putapieceofwhitepaperagainsttheglasswhenthebeam(光束)oflightisshining.movethepapersoyoucanseewherethebeamiscomingoutoftheglass.youshouldseeaspotoflight.someofthelighthaspassedthroughthewaterandthroughtheglass.youseeitonthepaper.youalsoseeanotherbeamgoingdownintotheglass.itisbeingreflecteddownintotheglass.

            nextmovetheflashlightsothatthebeamiscomingstraighterdown(30degrees)intothewater.youwillseethesamephenomenon:someofthelightisreflectedbackintotheglass.andsomeescapesout.nowmovethebeamoflightfromtheflashlightslowlyupuntilyoucannotseeanylightescaping.thispointiscalledthe“pointoftotalinternalreflection.”thewordinternalmeans“inside.”allthelightisstayinginsidetheglass.thereisnobeamshowingabrightspotonthewhitepaper.allthelightenergyisinsidetheglass.

            theglassofmilkywaterislikeastrand(线)ofglass.afiberoptictubeisabundleoflongthinstrandsofglass,reallymanytubes.however,theprinciple(原理)isthesame:atacertainangle,allthelightenergythatgoesintotheglassfibercomesouttheotherend.

            lightisenergy.soundisenergy.radiowavesandelectricityarebothenergy.theycanallbechangedintolight,andaslighttheycanalltravelalongaglassfiber.lighttravelsattherateof186,000milespersecond.therefore,amessagecantravelthatfastinaglassfiber.thisistheprinciple,orlawofnature,thatmakesfiberopticswork.

            67.whichfigureshowsthelaststepoftheexperiment?

            68.thepurposeoftheexperimentistotellus________.

            a.howfastlighttravelsb.howfiberopticsworks

            c.howlighttravelsinaglassofwaterd.howfiberopticshelpsmankind

            69.intheexperiment,makesthebiggestdifference.

            a.theangelatwhichtoshinethelightfromtheflashlight

            b.theamountofwaterintheglassofmilk

            c.thenumberofdropsofmilktopourintotheglassofwater

            d.thesizeoftheholethroughwhichtoshinelightfromtheflashlight

            70.thelaststepistoprove.

            a.nobeamisshownonthewhitepaper

            b.nolightcanbenoticedinsidetheglass

            c.noreflectioncanbeseen

            d.noenergyiswasted

            71.whichofthefollowingcanbethebesttitle?

            a.experimentoflighttravelb.principlesoffiberoptics

            c.communicationonfiberopticsd.theoryoflighttravel

            e

            theorangutan(猩猩)isoneofthefourremainingkindsofman-likeapes(类人猿)leftintheworldtoday.orangutansarefoundonlyontheislandsofbomeoandsumatra.theyaregrowingfewer.thereisadangerthattheymaydieout.

            untilthetimebetweenthewars,feworangutanswerekeptinzoos.

            littlewasknownaboutthem.aspeoplecametoknowtheirgentleandinterestingways,theybecamemorepopular.everyzoowantedtohavesomeofthem,butthenumberoforangutansintheworldwassmall.

            afterthelastwar,thenativesfoundtheywouldmakealotofmoneybycatchingandsellingyoungorangutans.fully-grownandhalf-grownorangutansweremuchtoostrongtobetaken.theonlyknownwayofcatchingtheyoungwastoshoottheparentsfirst.thismeantthatorangutanswerelosttowildlifeforeveryonecaught.italsomeantthatfewerorangutanswereborn.oncecaughttheyoungweresobadlylookedafterthatatleasthalfofthemdied.theywereusuallysoldtosomeonewhoknewlittleaboutlookingafterthem.

            72.exceptorangutans,howmanykindsofman-likeapseareleftintheworld?

            a.one.b.twoc.threed.four

            73.beforethesecondworldwar,________.

            a.peopleknewlittleaboutorangutans

            b.peopleknewtheymightdisappear

            c.manyorangutanswerekeptinzoos

            d.thenumberofthemweresmall

            74.whatmakespeoplesurethatorangutansmaydieout?

            a.theyarefoundmorepopularinthezoos.

            b.theycanlivenowhereexceptborneoandsumatra.

            c.theycometobelovedbypeople.

            d.sellingandcatchingthemarethequickestmeanstobecomerich.

            75.theynativesonlycaughttheyoungorangutansbecause______.

            a.theywerewelllookedafter

            b.theycouldeasilyfitinwiththenewplaces

            c.theywerelightandeasilytakenway

            d.theycouldbelosttowildlifeandtamed

            76.thecatchoftheyoungorangutansledto______.

            a.fewerbornbabiesb.thedeathoftheirparents

            c.thepoorcareandmoredeathoftheyoungd.alloftheabove

            f

            whenaninventionismade,theinventorhasthreepossiblecoursesofactionopentohim:hecangivetheinventiontotheworldbypublishingit,keeptheideasecret,orpatentit.

            agranted(批准的)patentistheresultofabargainstruckbetweenaninventorandthestate,bywhichtheinventorgetsalimitedperiodofmonopoly(垄断)andpublishesfulldetailsofhisinventiontothepublicafterthatperiodends.

            onlyinthemostexceptionalcircumstances(情况)isthelifespanofapatentextendedtoalter(改变)thisnormalprocessofevents.thelongestextensionevergrantedwastogeorgesvalensi;his1939patentforcolortvreceivercircuitrywasextendeduntil1971becauseformostofthepatent'snormallifetherewasnocolourtvtoreceiveandthusnohopeofrewardfortheinvention.

            becauseapatentremainspermanentlypublicafterithasended,theshelvesofthelibraryattachedtothepatentofficecontaindetailsofliterallymillionsofideasthatarefreeforanyonetouseand,ifolderthanhalfacentury,sometimesevenre-patent.indeed,patentexpertsoftenadviseanyonewishingtoavoidthehighcostofconductingasearchthroughlivepatentsthattheonesurewayofavoidingviolationofanyotherinventor'srightistostealadeadpatent.

            likewise,becausepublicationofanideainanyotherformpermanentlyinvalidates(使无效)furtherpatentsonthatidea,itistraditionallysafetotakeideasfromotherareasofprint.muchmoderntechnologicaladvanceisbasedonthesepresumptions(假定)oflegalsecurity.

            anyonecloselyinvolvedinpatentsandinventionssoonlearnsthatmost"new"ideasare,infact,asoldasthehills.itistheirreductiontocommercialpractice,eitherthroughnecessityordedication,orthroughtheavailabilityofnewtechnology,thatmakesnewsandmoney.thebasicpatentforthetheoryofmagneticrecordingdatesbackto1886.manyoftheoriginalideasbehind

            televisionoriginatefromthelate19thandearly20thcentury.eventhevolkswagenrear(后面)enginecarwasanticipated(预见)bya1904patentforacartwiththehorseattherear.

            77.thepassageismainlyabout_________

            a.anapproachtopatentsb.theapplicationforpatents

            c.theuseofpatentsd.theaccesstopatents

            78.whichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassage?

            a.whenapatentbecomesoutofeffect,itcanbere-patentedorextendedifnecessary.

            b.itisnecessaryforaninventortoapplyforapatentbeforehemakeshisinventionpublic.

            c.apatentholdermustpublicizethedetailsofhisinventionwhenitslegalperiodisover.

            d.onecangetallthedetailsofapatentedinventionfromalibraryattachedtothepatentoffice.

            79.georgevalensi'spatentlasteduntil1971because_________

            a.nobodywouldofferanyrewardforhispatentbeforethattime

            b.hispatentcouldnotbeputtouseforanunusuallylongtime

            c.therewerenotenoughtvstationstoprovidecolourprogrammes

            d.thecolourtvreceiverwasnotavailableuntilthattime

            80.fromthepassagewelearnthat________

            a.aninventionwillnotbenefittheinventorunlessitisreducedtocommercialpractice.

            b.productsareactuallyinventionswhichweremadealongtimeago

            c.itismuchcheapertobuyanoldpatentthananewone

            d.patentexpertsoftenrecommendpatentstoothersbyconductingasearchthroughdeadpatents

            4、初二下册物理第三次月考试卷

            一、选择题(每小题2分,共30分)1、如图9.1-1所示的四个实例 中,为了增大压强的是:( ) 2、如图9.1-2所示,底面积不同的圆柱形容器a和b分别盛有甲、乙两种液体,两液面相平且甲的质量大于乙的质量。则此时液体对各自容器底部的压强pa、pb的压力fa、fb的关系是:( ) a.pa<pb fa=fb b.pa<pb fa>fb c.pa>pb fa=fb d.pa>pb fa>fb3、如图9.1-3所示,装满水的密闭容器置于水平桌面上,其上下底面积之比为4:1,此时水对容器底部的压力为f,压强为p。当把容器倒置后放到水平桌面上,水对容器底部的压力和压强分别为:( )a.f,p b.4f,p c. f,p d.f,4p 4、沙漠中有一个沙丘(如图9.1-4所示),当水平方向的风不断吹过沙丘时,沙丘会慢慢:( )a.向左移动  b.向右移动 c.仍停原处  d.无法确定5、如图9.1-5所示,甲、乙两个不同的实心圆柱体放在水平面上。其中甲的高度小于乙,甲的底面积大于乙,而它们对地面的压强正好相等,则下列判断正确的是:( )a.甲的密度大,甲受到的重力大 b.甲的密度大,甲的质量 小c.甲的密度小,甲受到的重力小 d.甲的密度小,甲的质量大6、下列有关液体压强的说法中,正确的是:( )a.不同 容器内液体对容器底的压强越大,说明容器内液体重力越大b.相等质量的液体对不同容器底产生的压强可以是不相等的c.密度较大的液体对容器底产生的压强肯定比较大 d.以上说法都正确7、连通器在日常生活和生产中 有着广泛的应用,如图9.1-6所示事例中不是利用连通器原理工作的是:( ) 8、下列哪一事例可以说明大气压的存在:( )a.用吸管吸牛奶 b.棒冰融 化 c.手握橡皮圈发生形变 d.水往低处流9、茶壶盖上开一个孔作用是:( )a.好系绳子,防止打碎 b.让外面空气流进,不至于壶内空气压强减小使水流不出来c.让热所冒出来,便于热茶冷却 d.让外面的空气流进,可保证茶水的新鲜10.下列关于力的说法中,不正确的是:( )a.人推车时,人也受到车给的推力b.两个物体不接触,就一定不会发生力的作用c.用手捏一个易拉罐,易拉罐变瘪了,表明力可以使物体发生形变d.排球运动员扣球使球的运动方向发生了改变,表明力可以改变物体的运动状态11、在托里拆利实验中,测出的大气压小于实际气压的原因是:( )a.往水银槽内多加一些水银 b.将玻璃管稍微倾斜一些c.将玻璃管稍压下一些

            d.在玻璃管中混进少许空气12、下列现象及其原因分析,错误的是:( )a.高压锅容易将食物煮熟----液体表面气压增大,液体沸点升高b.台风掀开屋顶的瓦----屋内外空气的流速不同,压强不同c.软包装饮料吸管一端 做成尖形---- 减小受力面积 ,增大压强d.铁路的钢轨铺在枕木好----增大受力面积,增大压强13、小明在玻璃杯内盛满水,杯口盖上一张硬纸片(不留空气),然后托住纸片,将杯子倒置或倾斜,水都不流出,纸片也不掉下(如图9.1-8所示)。对整个探究活动的分析正确的是:( )a.探究的问题:大气压强有多大 b.探究的目的:研究水的重力与大气压力的关系c.探究的假设:大气对各个方向都有压强 d.探究的结论:大气向各个方向的压强相等 14、一只可口可乐瓶,其侧壁有a、b两个小孔并用塞子塞住,瓶内盛有一定质量的酒精,如图9.1-10所示,把可口可乐瓶放入水中,当瓶内、外液面相平时,拔出a、b两个小孔上的塞子,则:( )a.a、b两个小孔均有水流入

            b.a、b两个小孔均有酒精流出c.酒精从a小孔流出,水从b小孔流入 d.水从a小孔流入,酒精从b小孔流出15、如图9.1-9所示,小强同学在倒置的漏斗里放一个乒乓球,用手指托住乒乓球。然后从漏斗口向下用力吹气,并将手指移 开,那么以下分析正确的是:( )a.乒乓球不会下落,因为其上方气体流速增大,压强变大b.乒乓球不会下落,因为其上方气体流速 增大,压强变小c.乒乓球会下落,因为其上方气体流速增大,压强变大d.乒乓球 会下落,因为其上方气体流速增大,压强变小 二、填空题(每空1分,共28分)1、的_____实验证明了大气压强的存在;____实验测出了大气压强的值,该实验中管内水银柱上方为____;物理学把760mm水银柱产生的压强叫做1标准大气压,1标准大气压=_____pa;离地面越高的地方,大气压越____。2、抽水机是利用________的原理工 作的;自来水笔吸墨水时,把笔的弹簧片按几下,墨水就进入橡皮管里去了,这是因为在按压弹簧片时排出了橡皮管里的大部分空气,使橡皮管里的气压____;管外的墨水在____作用下进入管内。3、如图9.1-11所示,用两食指同时压铅笔两端,左手指受到铅笔的压力为f1、压强为p1;右手指受到铅笔的压力为f2、压强为p2。则f1___f2,p1___p2。(选填“大于”、“等于”或“小于”)4、为了适应生存环境,老虎都长有尖尖的牙齿,如图9.1-12所示。当老虎用相同的力咬食食物时,受力的____越小,产生的____越大。 5、如图9.1-13所示,a、b为两个等高圆柱形容器,容器内部的底面积之比为2:1,都装满水,水对容器底部的压强之比为___,水对容器底部的压力之比为____。6、如图9.1-14所示,长方体冰块熔化成水后,对容器底面的压强____,压力____。(填“变大”、“变小”或“不变”)7、小 明将旅行包背在肩上,肩膀受到压力的施力物体是____,包的背带做得很宽是为了减小对肩膀的____。8、甲、乙两物体,质量之比为3:5,放在水平桌面上,与桌面的接触面积之比为1:2, 则甲、乙两物体对桌面的压力之比为____,压强之比为____。新*课*标*第*一*网]9、如图9.1-15所示,某同学用弹簧测力计拉着放在水平桌面上的木块匀速滑动,在木块前端离开桌面至一半移出桌面的过程中,弹簧测力计的示数____,木块对桌面的压力____,木块对桌面的压强____。 (均选填“变大”、“变小”或“不变”)10、质量是300克的课本放在水平桌面上,课本受到的重力是____n,桌面受到的压力是____n, 压力的施力物是____。11重8n的木块放在水平桌面上,用2n的水平拉力拉动时,木块做匀速直线运动,当水平拉力增加到3n时,木块受到的摩擦力为__ _n;若木 块与桌面的接触面积为0.02m2,则木块对桌面的压强为___pa. 三、作图题(每小是3分,共6分)1、如图9.1-16所示,作出物体对平面的压力的示意图。2、如图9.1-17所示, 物体a静止,作出a物体对竖直墙壁的压力的示意图。四、实验题(每空2分,共20分)1、 小宇同学利用a、b两物体、砝码、泡沫等器材探究“压力的作用效果与什么因素有关”的实验。如图9.1-18所示。(1)实验中小宇是通过观察___________来比较 压力作用效果的。(2)比较甲、乙两图所示实验,能够得到的结论是________________。(3)若要探究“压力的作用效果与受力面积大小的关系”,应通过比较图___所示实验。此时实验中要控制:_______不变;(4)小宇同学实验时将物体b沿竖直方向切成大小不同的两块,如图9.1-18丁所示。他发现它们对泡沫的压力作用效果相同,由此他得出的结论是:压力作用效果与受力面积无关。你认为他在探究过程中存在的问题是______________。2、下表是小宇同学利用图 9.1-19所示的实验装置探究液体压强规律时所测得的部分数据.(1)实验所得的数据有一组是错误的,其实验序号为____。;(2)综合分析表中的实验数据,归纳可以得出液体压强的规律: ①________ _,该结论是通过分析比较实验序号____的数据得出来的;. ②_________,该结论是通过分析比较实验序号____的数据得出来的.五、计算题(第1小题10分,第2小题6分,共16分)1、如图所示,平底茶壶的质量是400g,底面积是40cm2,内盛0.6kg的开水,放置在面积为1m2的水平桌面中央。试求:(1)茶壶所受的重力?(2分) (2)茶壶内水所受的重力?(2分) (3)茶壶对对桌面的压力?(2分) (4)茶壶对桌面的压强? (g=10n/kg) (2分) (5)茶壶内水对茶壶底的压强?(2分) 2、根据你所学的压强知识计算水面下h深处的压强是多少?根据你的计算能否导出一个一般公式?(要求做图)

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